In a report released by the World Health Organization (WHO), it stated
that ischaemic heart disease, stroke, and diabetes have remained the top major
killers during the past decade (2002-2012) globally.
Deaths from infectious diseases such as HIV have decreased
slightly from 1.7 million (3.2%) deaths in 2000 to 1.5 million (2.7%) deaths in
2012 and diarrhoea is no longer among the 5 leading causes of death, but is
still among the top 10, killing 1.5 million people in 2012.
While noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) were responsible for
68% of all 56 million deaths globally in 2012, up from 60% in 2000. The 4 main
NCDs are cardiovascular diseases, cancers, diabetes and chronic lung diseases.
Communicable, maternal, neonatal and nutrition conditions collectively were
responsible for 23% of global deaths, and injuries caused 9% of all deaths.
Now before you go thinking that heart disease and diabetes
are mainly restricted to the rich nations, WHO would like you to think again.
It stated that in lower income countries like Nigeria, noncommunicable diseases
were responsible for 57% of the deaths. Stroke and ischemic heart disease were
the top two causes of death.
A stroke occurs when a blood clot blocks a blood vessel,
cutting off blood flow to the brain. The resulting death of brain cells can
cause severe disability and death.
Ischemic heart disease, also called coronary artery disease,
involves the hardening and narrowing of the arteries. Oxygen can't reach the
heart as effectively, which can weaken the muscle over time and end in heart
failure. Ischemic heart disease also frequently leads to a heart attack, which
is when a blood clot blocks the flow of blood to the heart.
Tobacco use was pinpointed as a major cause of many of the
world’s top killer diseases – including cardiovascular disease, chronic
obstructive lung disease and lung cancer, and diabetes. In total, tobacco use
is responsible for the death of about 1 in 10 adults worldwide. Smoking is
often the hidden cause of the disease recorded as responsible for death. Other
major factors include inactivity and an unhealthy diet.
Curbing the number of people who die from
ischemic heart disease and stroke around the world would save millions of
lives. And the key tool in this fight will be focusing on prevention, not
potential cures. It is extremely important people that becoming aware on
current lifestyle choices that put that at serious risks for developing these
diseases. Promoting the stop of tobacco use, having a healthy diet and getting more exercise will prove a far more effective strategy than any cure we can come up with it.
To know your health risks and understand which factors contribute to it, go over to wellnewme.com.