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Cardiac Diseases, Diabetes and Stroke Amongst the Biggest Killers Globally

In a report released by the World Health Organization (WHO), it stated that ischaemic heart disease, stroke, and diabetes have remained the top major killers during the past decade (2002-2012) globally.

Deaths from infectious diseases such as HIV have decreased slightly from 1.7 million (3.2%) deaths in 2000 to 1.5 million (2.7%) deaths in 2012 and diarrhoea is no longer among the 5 leading causes of death, but is still among the top 10, killing 1.5 million people in 2012.

While noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) were responsible for 68% of all 56 million deaths globally in 2012, up from 60% in 2000. The 4 main NCDs are cardiovascular diseases, cancers, diabetes and chronic lung diseases. Communicable, maternal, neonatal and nutrition conditions collectively were responsible for 23% of global deaths, and injuries caused 9% of all deaths.

Now before you go thinking that heart disease and diabetes are mainly restricted to the rich nations, WHO would like you to think again. It stated that in lower income countries like Nigeria, noncommunicable diseases were responsible for 57% of the deaths. Stroke and ischemic heart disease were the top two causes of death.

A stroke occurs when a blood clot blocks a blood vessel, cutting off blood flow to the brain. The resulting death of brain cells can cause severe disability and death.

Ischemic heart disease, also called coronary artery disease, involves the hardening and narrowing of the arteries. Oxygen can't reach the heart as effectively, which can weaken the muscle over time and end in heart failure. Ischemic heart disease also frequently leads to a heart attack, which is when a blood clot blocks the flow of blood to the heart.

Tobacco use was pinpointed as a major cause of many of the world’s top killer diseases – including cardiovascular disease, chronic obstructive lung disease and lung cancer, and diabetes. In total, tobacco use is responsible for the death of about 1 in 10 adults worldwide. Smoking is often the hidden cause of the disease recorded as responsible for death. Other major factors include inactivity and an unhealthy diet.

Curbing the number of people who die from ischemic heart disease and stroke around the world would save millions of lives. And the key tool in this fight will be focusing on prevention, not potential cures. It is extremely important people that becoming aware on current lifestyle choices that put that at serious risks for developing these diseases. Promoting the stop of tobacco use, having a healthy diet and getting more exercise will prove a far more effective strategy than any cure we can come up with it. 

To know your health risks and understand which factors contribute to it, go over to wellnewme.com.

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